Over forty one years ago, Title IX has changed girls and young women's pursuit of equal rights.
What do you know or remember?
Title IX Coordinator, Kelly Joseph (right) with Daughter, Danielle (also a SF-AAUW Branch Member)
Why is it Called Title IX?
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is a United States law, enacted on June 23, 1972, that amended Title IX of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
What does the Law Say?
"No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance..."
Was the Law Written Only for Sports?
Title IX is known for its impact on high school and collegiate athletics. The original statute made no explicit mention of sports.
Why is Title IX Necessary?
In 1972, there were disparities in higher education in the fields of mathematics, sciences, engineering and technology. Prior to 1972, there were 8.4 % of medical degrees. Already, by 1997 there were 41%.
How does Title IX Help Women in Athletics?
Since implementation, women's participation has increased over 400% from 32,000 to 164,000. Girls participating in high school athletics have increased more than 847% from 294,000 to more than three million. (Present day figures are much larger.)
How does Title IX Help Women in Higher Education?
Enhancing athletic opportunity for young women and girls is of vital importance because of the significant physical, psychological benefits those opportunities provide. A number of studies have recognized the role that athletic opportunities for women provide in promoting greater academic success, responsible social behaviors, and increased personal skills. For low-income women, financial support made available through athletic scholarship may mean the difference in being able to attend college at all.
What are the Three Parts the Office for Civil Rights Uses to Show Institutions Are Following Title IX Law?
There is a three-part test the Office for Civil Rights uses to see if a school passes the participation compliance. A school must pass one of the three parts.
Have Graduate and Professional Schools Changed in Numbers for Women?
The professional colleges finally opened to admit women after Title IX. Today, women comprise more than half of college students nationwide.
What President Signed Title IX?
What are the Biggest Concerns About Title IX Which are Routinely Mentioned in the News?
How it affects male athletics' programs. Many people became concerned and looked for ways to limit the influence of Title IX. The Tower Amendment in 1974 wanted to exempt revenue-producing sports from Title IX compliance. With hard feelings by congress, it was rejected.
How has Title IX Changed You and Your Family?
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